Irrigation System for Landscaping
Any landscape design is incomplete without having a proper irrigation plan. However, there are several options for irrigation systems, and each of these has its advantages. So, which is the best choice? Well, the answer depends upon numerous factors like soil, climate, plantings and exposure. Planning an effective irrigation system remains a critical aspect of any design process.
The key objective of having an effective irrigation system to install in a landscape is to alleviate the requirement of supplemental irrigation and, at the same time, maintain an attractive and healthy landscape. In a majority of areas of North America, a good quality water-wise landscape can easily sustain with minimal or even no irrigation water once it has gone for its establishment. Here, we will understand the various landscape irrigation systems available.
What is Landscape Irrigation?
In agriculture, irrigation is a known process that applies a regulated water flow to land, helping effective crop production. At the same time, the same system plays a vital role in taking care of the growing landscape plants and lawns. Here it is also called watering. However, the farms avoiding irrigation and relying only on direct rainfall are known as rain-fed.
In order to gain a good landscape design efficiency, it is essential to keep the irrigation system at par, and similar should be the story of scheduling. A competitive system will apply water as and when required for things like replenishing the moisture in the soil, which goes away due to transpiration and evaporation. A typical irrigation design system carries the kind of sprinkler system (automatic or manual) along with the layout of the sprinkler system.
What are the Systems for Landscape Irrigation?
Irrigation systems for landscaping are an essential water conservation strategy that deals with practical watering gardens and landscapes. There are several types of systems for landscape irrigation, and the following are some of the popular ones.
1. Lawn sprinkler system for Landscaping
It is a traditionally old irrigation system and proves the best go-to for landscapes. These are effective when you use them in the evening as the optimal time to water during this remains high and not during the afternoon when water can quickly evaporate.
However, you can still use it during the daytime using a timer for optimal use. These are primarily used in lawns having a big size swatch of plants of a similar sort.
- Suitable for diverse land sizes (both small and large)
- Effective in directing water flow to targeted areas
- Evenly disperse all the chemical and fertilizers
- Avoids water loss
- Consistent Lawn Hydration
- Cost-saving at the long term
- Seasonal Maintenance
- Wear or malfunction with time leads to repairs
- Pets damage the irrigation system
- Adverse impact due to weather conditions
The cost for installing the lawn sprinkler system for landscaping in North America can range from 1800 USD to 5200 USD.
2. Drip irrigation system for Landscaping
Drip irrigation remains the water-wise method of ensuring that every plant gets the amount of water it requires. This system shows that every dripper/emitter is connected to a flexible tube. Every time the system runs, emitters mostly placed at the root zone offer a certain amount of water. These systems are more effective when it comes to dealing with a wide range of plants. Thus you can find this Drip irrigation system for Landscaping helping the landscape get a refined quantity of water. These are the best options for landscapes with too many trees, perennials, and shrubs as it helps get reasonable control over the plant.
- Simple Installation process
- Water Conservation
- No Drift
- Saves time as the system is efficient
- Substantial Water Bill Savings
- Save labor
- High maintenance
- Frequent System flash outs
- Limited use
- Wet foliage leads to plant disease risk
The cost of a drip irrigation system is around 1800 USD to 2500 USD. However, it can cost a meager amount of 50 USD for small size home-based gardens.
3. Rain catchment drip irrigation for Landscaping
The system delivers water to gardens by integrating the drip irrigation and rain-catchment systems. It uses simple gravity to provide the water. Hence it is not proved to be a versatile system. You find the rain barrel collecting the water and then distributing it to plants after the shower. Using this system does not allow you to use timers or special emitters; however, you save a good amount on your water bill, particularly during the summers when you have comfortable frequent rains. Also, before you install this system, you need to check the rainwater harvesting rules in your state.
- Reduces your water bill
- The demand for water is limited
- No need for large quantity imported water
- Promotes energy and water conservation
- No need to have a filtration system
- User-friendly technology as it is easy to install and operate
- You need regular maintenance
- Need technical expertise for installation
- Improper installation can lead to waterborne diseases
- Has storage limitation
The cost of a Rain catchment drip irrigation for Landscaping is around 1200 USD to 2000 USD.
4. Bubbler irrigation system for Landscaping
It is somewhere close to the drip system and sprinkler. Bubblers bring out a considerable volume of water; however, it comes above six inches above the ground level. Their design helps them to water the plants coming from the root systems. You can efficiently operate them with the help of timers and then focus over emitters, thus allowing water to the plants you choose. These are used at places that have higher water requirements.
- Offers consistent flow over many pressure ranges
- Versatile option as it is used both for fixed and adjustable bubbler
- Less water waste as less overspray
- Work only in pressurized tanks
- Installation cost is high
- Frequent preventative maintenance
The cost Bubbler irrigation system for Landscaping is higher than other systems ranging from 2500 USD to 6000 USD depending upon the requirements.
5. Underground System for Landscaping
It is among the most common irrigation systems for landscaping. It deals with using vast volumes of water catering to a massive area. These are ideal for huge-sized homes with tons of space or lawns. You can even upgrade to an automatic system allowing it to be simple to use.
- Too convenient to use
- Creates Healthy Landscape
- Good resale value
- The installation cost is high
- System generates Over-Watering
- Frequent Repairs
- Underground pests can damage the system
- High Maintenance
On average, the cost of Underground System for Landscaping is around 2538 USD. However, typically it can range between 1699 USD to 3528 USD.
What are the techniques that are used to the Irrigation System?
There are several techniques used in an irrigation system. It comprises both the field application efficiency and the magnitude of losses in the field. All these techniques play an essential role in effective water management. We will be looking at the list of Irrigation System techniques as follows:
It is also known as a low-volume and low flow irrigation system. As the name suggests, it deals with lower water pressure compared to any traditional sprinkler system. The system is used to grow crops, vineyards and orchards apart from taking care of the landscape areas.
Using this system helps increase the yields and reduce the requirements for water, labor, and fertilizers. Applying water to this system helps reduce water loss due to evaporation and deep percolation. These issues are difficult to reduce using traditional irrigation practices.
Using this system reduces fertigation, which deals with combining fertilizers with water. Thus it further helps in maintaining the health of your landscape. In this way, you save money putting in fertilizers and even keeping your lawn healthy and away from toxic chemicals.
- Flood System
In this system, water goes at one edge and then moves to the entire surface of your lawn and then moves to its opposite side. It is among the oldest irrigation systems and is still popular in agriculture and even landscaping irrigation. However, it has a few downsides. Releasing water in the yard or field can lead to extreme water loss. Around 50 per cent of the total water is lost in this system.
Flood systems are of two types – Wild or uncontrolled flooding and controlled flooding. In the former system, we see the water getting flooded, thus losing control of the water. The system’s efficiency mostly depends upon the flooding depth, stream size, intake rate of water on the lawn and topography.
In the latter type, water is applied to the surface with proper regulation. You can notice an adequate control in water flow and water quantity. It is further classified into several types depending upon how the water is regulated. Both the types have their pros and cons and depending upon your requirements, you can choose one.
- Rotary Sprinkler
The rotary sprinkler is one of the critical parts of any lawn irrigation system. It carries a single or more rounded head that moves into a lawn with the help of metal spikes. All the heads rotate 360 degrees and are seen spraying water with a series of holes moving around the diameter of the sprinkler.
The water enters the sprinkler from the water source. We then see the water running through a filter and flowing inside the turbine. The water flow further helps the turbine move and allows the gear to rotate. We see the water traveling through the sprinkler, and it finally reaches the garden.
The spray head is known to have its precipitation rate, which is more than the rotors or the rotary nozzles. It simply means that the rotary nozzle moves for around 3-4 times longer than the spray head for adding the same amount of water.
- Spray Irrigation System
It is one of the modern methods of applying water in a regulated form like a rain shower. You can find water distributed like a network, which may carry pumps, pipes, valves and sprinklers. These are mainly used for agricultural purposes apart from residential and commercial use for maintaining lush green lawns.
Spray irrigation systems are just the same as how you used to water your garden at home. Remember how you used the hose to spray the water in different directions. Today you can find this system used in most farms and lawns.
The system carries a long hose and sprinklers or a central pivot system that moves in a circle in your lawn. One of the system’s downsides is that most of the water spayed in your lawn or field evaporates with the sunlight. One of the pros is that the system effectively sprays the entire lawn with great ease.
How Landscape Irrigation Works?
The landscape irrigation system helps provide sufficient water to the landscape when rainwater is scarce. There are different types of landscape irrigation. However, all work for the same purpose of delivering the required water to the landscape.
It helps in keeping the landscape green and healthy. It develops a peaceful environment around the landscape, which reduces the consumption of fertilizers, insecticides and herbicides. Installing automatic irrigation systems can help deliver the water to the right place and at the right time.
Why would you install an Irrigation System?
The irrigation system plays a vital role in distributing and spraying a good amount of water and thus even reducing the waste that comes with a hose. You can save loads of money and time making your lawn green and healthy with minimal effort. If it is professionally installed on your lawn, it can add too many benefits, which give you enough reason to have them on your property.
It may be a costly affair, though; considering its number of benefits, installing an irrigation system is always the best bet. Some of the key reasons why you should go for it include the following:
- It liberates you from manual labor
- It converses the water by supplying only the required amount of water
- It keeps the cost down
- Maintains consistency in watering
- Keeps the ailments and weeds at the bay
- It protects soil structure and nutrients
- It plays a good role in maintaining a good environment around
Thus, for so many reasons, having a proper irrigation system can help you give the best shape to your landscaping requirements.
Why is irrigation important in landscaping?
Are you willing to upgrade your garden? Well, this will undoubtedly add value to your property. Landscaping is one of the best ways of doing it. Effective landscaping is only possible when you have a professionally running irrigation system in place.
If you plan to have the best landscaping at your property, irrigation is an important topic. A professionally installed irrigation system in your lawn or yard is essential for the following reasons:
It helps in targeting water at the desired locations and plants
- Developing lesser environmental footprints by reducing your budget on things like fertilizers and insecticides
- Reducing the water runoff
- Substantial savings on your utility bills
Besides reaping these benefits, Installing Irrigation System for Landscaping also adds beauty to your property, which remains the key sign of prosperity. It gives you enough reason to flaunt them before your neighbors, making them envious.
From selecting the right seasonal plants to installing an outdoor kitchen, our landscaping services can do it all for you. Contact us today for a stunning landscape!