Aeration: Why, How & When to Aerate Your Lawn

The process of aeration deals with circulating air through liquid or any other substance. Aeration is used in soils, foods, and liquid to enhance the quality and slash down contamination. 

Aeration plays an essential role in maintaining the beauty of any lawn. It falls under the basic lawn care practices. To maintain and achieve the beauty of any lawn, doing things like mowing, fertilizing and watering is very important. It is vital to ensure that nutrients reach below the grass. Aeration helps in doing it. 

The primary function of aeration is to bring air and water in close contact to get rid of dissolved gasses like carbon dioxide. It also oxidizes the dissolved metals, including hydrogen sulfide, iron and volatile organic chemicals. 

There are several benefits of aeration. These include relieving the soil compaction, helping in thatch management, boosting nutrient availability, helping in pH modification, helping in building a thicker lawn, reducing water runoff and pudding and preparing the grass for winter. 

The best time to aerate is during the fall, as it helps in aerating your lawn, thus allowing the grass seed to germinate and then develop a robust root system before the winter appears. 

Aeration is all about passing a tremendous amount of air via water, then venting out the air outside. Both air and water have contamination, and relying on procedures like aeration can help get rid of these issues. 

Power raking usually deals with thatch control operation. However, it can damage the turf if you fail to do so without any issue. The purpose of power raking is the same as aeration, but it differs in how it handles a huge amount of debris and subsoil. 

Soil aeration helps offer the air supply underground with the help of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide making the soil fertile. However, water aeration is meant to maintain a good Oxygen saturation of water in both artificial and natural environments. 

Ponds are an inland body of standing water, and it supports various vegetation. The water body can have all the contaminants to hamper the vegetation, which is fixed with the water aeration process. Aeration in ponds can help address the low oxygen levels or algal blooms. 

The aeration tank system works with water and air coming close to each other by exposing drops or thin sheets using small air bubbles and allowing them to rise inside the water. We see the dissolved gasses getting removed from the solution and then getting an escape. 

A lagoon is defined as a shallow water body separated from a significant body of water with a narrow landform, including barrier islands or reefs. Ponds are also a form of lagoons; installing aeration systems can help in enhancing the quality of water and helping vegetation brown in it. 

What is Aeration?

The Aeration process deals with puncturing the soil, and it further allows a good water penetration for introducing more oxygen over the soil. It plays a vital role in indoor gardening. The growth of any plant or grass requires a good amount of nutrients value from the soil where they grow. These nutrients easily dissolve in a soil solution. It is a combination of soil and water surrounding the roots of the plants.  


Soil can absorb and retain water, and the aeration process also helps absorb more water. For indoor gardening, the popular option is soil additives. The objective of this process is that soil is exceptionally porous; hence water can easily penetrate the soil. The horticulturists add free bark, dried leaves, grass clippings, sand, and drive leaves to achieve this objective. In other words, these are used for insulation and water retention, which can further boost soil Aeration. 

You can find horticulturists also aerating the growing areas every year using mechanical aeration systems. However, the principle of aerating remains in these artificial developed systems. Generally, indoor horticulturists often rely on a 30 to 50 percent aeration mixture, which carries one or more products. However, that will depend on your lawn’s plants and the watering and sunlight schedule. 

The process of Aeration is also known as soil aeration or oxygenation. Aeration in lawns and agricultural lands and industries started in the seventies when environmentalists worried about the impurity of industrial waste added to lakes and rivers. They used artificial and mechanical systems to eliminate the impurity and improve the quality of water and soil. 

Aeration work in the following three methods: 

  1. Diffused air aeration.It is an aeration method that works with compressed air blown inside the sewage and air that is diffused using the sewage by diffuser. These are further divided into two types – plate and tube diffusers 
  2. Mechanical Aeration – In this method, we can find the sewage agitated aggressively, seeking the help of mechanical equipment that further encourages the absorption of oxygen from the surroundings. These are two types – horizontal and vertical surface aerators. 
  3. Combine Aeration – In this system, we see the mechanical aeration and diffused air aeration are combined, working as one unit. One of the famous examples following this method include Doroco Aerator. 

Catch for more on lawn aeration and seeding near me.

How to Aerate a Lawn?

The aeration process involves a few steps to be followed in your lawn. However, before you do that, you need to know when to aerate your lawn: You should aerate your property when your lawn is thin and brown, and you face issues while growing grass. Also, when your lawn has heavy traffic, you should go for this process. The following are the steps involved in aerating your lawn: 

  • Irrigate the Lawn – You should sprinkle the water on dense green grass to prepare adequate aeration. Make sure you thoroughly water the lawn a day or two before starting the aeration process. You should apply at least once an inch of water. 
  • Flag your lawn – You should add a yellow flag over your lawn edge. Now, start using irrigation flags in areas with hidden objects, including tree stumps or irrigation heads. It prevents anyone from entering the lawn when you are aerating the lawn. 
  • Aerate your Lawn – Regardless of the method you use for aeration (core or spike), make sure you cover your lawn in one direction and then return over the perpendicular motion. 
  • Fertilize your lawn – Once you complete your aeration process, you are supposed to fertilize your lawn. However, this should go for this only after grass seed application. The lawn fertilizing remains 

The above steps can help you carry out the aeration process on your lawn. Look for more about water aeration. 

When to Aerate a Lawn?

At times, you may find your lawn becoming compact; however, it is easy to address this issue. Small equipment or some vehicles moving your yard can create these issues. At the same time, the regular traffic on your lawn with children and pets playing around can have similar problems. 

If your location has heavy clay soil, you need annual aeration to keep your lawn in the right shape and prevent it from becoming weak and thin. The best time to aerate is when you see thatch getting collected over your lawn. Tatch happens to be a layer of decomposing organic matter that gets collected over the lawn surface. 


When thatch gets over the half-inch thick, it can bring issues like compaction, which further prevents the airflow. The aggressively spreading grasses, including Kentucky bluegrass over northern lawns and even over the Bermudagrass down south, can have this problem. 

Although there is no fixed time for aeration, typically it is always a good idea to start during the growing season. This is the time when the grass can easily heal and fill the open spaces, especially after the soil plugs are removed. Most of the lawn owners with cool-season grass prefer the cool season during the early spring or fall months. The warm-season grass, opting for this process during the late spring is the best choice. 

So depending upon your requirements, you can use any season and weekends to carry forward this task. If required, you may even go for an extended aeration system. 

What to know before the first Aeration?

A healthy and happy lawn will always need air to breathe. Besides, it also demands getting good nutrient value and proper hydration. Lawn aeration is also known as core aeration, and it removes small plugs of turf, soil and thatch from your lawn. The aeration process for yards is also known as core aeration, which further gets rid of small plugs seen on turf, soil and thatch from the space. 

These plugs help in feeding nutrients to the root system of plants and grass on your lawn. Aeration is one of the best ways to make your lawn appear thick and along with making the irrigation effective. It also helps in managing pest control programs and fertilizers. 

Lawn aeration, often called core aeration, removes small plugs of turf, thatch and soil from your lawn. These plugs break down and feed nutrients back to your lawn’s root system. In this way, lawn aeration is important for lawn care management. In other words, aeration is regarded as an antidote to any heavy compact soil that can be found on the lawn that can help in getting heavy foot traffic. 

At the same time, aeration is regarded as a solution to get rid of thatches; however, a lawn with well-established thatch may not be addressed with this process. Lawn aeration only acts as a preventive measure against the thatches. While considering the aeration task, many lawn owners tend to commit mistakes; how about checking them and preventing the issues as  under: 

  1. Improper lawn aeration equipment – For adequate lawn aeration, you need the right set of tools and equipment. Choosing aeration shoes for big size lawns can be a bad idea for your lawn aeration process. Hence know the appropriate list of tools before you start aeration. 
  2. Choosing the wrong season – Aeration is done when there are new grass seeds on your lawn. It helps in developing deep and strong roots. Fall is often the ideal time for considering this process and preventing this mistake from happening. 
  3. Neglecting the moisture – If you intend to aerate your lawn, it is a bad idea to do it when the soil is dry. It can have several problems as the soil is hard and compact. Moisture content plays a vital role in this process. So, make sure you water your space before carrying out this process. 
  4. Premature Mowing – Once your lawn is fed with seed aeration, breathing requires some time. However, people tend to mow the grass soon, which is a big mistake to avoid. Maintain a gap of four weeks before you choose the one. 
  5. Premature weed killing – Like early mowing; if you intend to kill the weeds in our lawn in the early days using any chemical, you can damage the young grass sprouts. Allow the weed to grow and then aerate as it will give you a good result. 

What are the Aeration Tools?

Although there are several tools for aeration procedures, only two tools – spike and plug aerator are regarded as the most vital ones. Spike aerators help you poke holes into your yard using a solid tine or fork. On the other hand, plug aerators remove a plug or core of soil and grass from the yard. 

Aeration Tools

A spike aerator is a manual tool or aerator tool with sharp tines, which moves inside the ground to make holes, and plug aerators are mechanical tools that help remove the plug or core grass and soil from the lawn. The two differ in the following ways: 

Spike aerators carry sharp spikes, which easily penetrate the lawn surface, while plug aerators have hollow tines, which help remove the plugs of thatch while pushing over the ground. Spike aerators offer short term soil decompaction as no soil is removed, while the other provides decompaction for the long run as it can quickly get rid of plugs of soil, allowing a good air space. 

Spike aerators are usually operated manually and are primarily suitable for removing soil compaction on small areas. However, plug aerators are mechanical plug aerators that can handle a wide range of areas, including small, medium and large spaces of yard soil compaction. Learn more about the aeration tank in these tools. 

1. Plug Aerator

Plug aerators are manual tools that play an essential role in aerating your lawn. It helps in churning up your lawn to promote airflow and boost grass growth in a yard. This tool effectively digs a deeper hole in the ground and makes bigger holes than spike aerators. 

The larger holes help the landowner enjoy better seedlings, which grow deeper with strong roots and allow a sound trap water system. Plug aerators are more effective for lawns when it comes to lawn aeration. However, it demands more physical labour, and the best part is that these are not required to be used too often in your lawn. 

Plug aerators are found in different forms; however, a few of their attributes remain common among the various types. These are wheeled equipment and look like a seed spreader or lawnmower.. These also carry hollow, short and cylindrical protrusions over their axles. The cylinders installed helped in digging the ground and then getting rid of the soil’s cores. 

These are often known as expensive tools but are always a worthy investment. These are ineffective for large lawns and useful only to small yards with compacted soil. These are used primarily on small-sized lawns and effectively make big-sized holes into the ground. Explore more about power raking vs aeration.  

2. Spike Aerator

A spike aerator is essential for lawn owners, especially when they have a vast lawn. You can find spike aeration working smooth, but it offers some short term results. Spike aerator can help use the tool for poking the holes and then moving ahead over the ground with some fork or solid tine. 

Spike aerators play an essential role in loosening the soil and allowing improved access to everyone. It helps make the soil loose and get rid of the compaction in the short term. However, it also boosts the contraction in the long run. Spike aerators help in improving upon accessing the surface. It can assist in overseeing the option. 

It proves effective for the lawns having minor to moderate compaction problems. You can easily use this tool to poke holes in the ground using its solid tine or fork. These tools help promote both water and airflow inside the soil; however, it does not mean that these remain compacted plugs. It will rise over the surface again and gain quick attention very soon. 

This mechanically operated tool has one downside, you cannot use it too often, and it does not go as large or deep as plug aerators. Hence if you are working in any yard which has higher traffic, this tool will not be able to help you. All you need to do is to rely on plug aerators. You can further explore the tools like fish farm aeration equipment. 

What are the key facts for Aeration as a Yard Service?

Aeration is regarded as a speciality service that employs certain specific equipment designed to pull soil cores from the ground. It helps remove the guts of soil that further relieve the compaction, which additionally helps in allowing water, oxygen, and nutrients to penetrate the root zone that offers complex root systems. 

The roots should go deeper as it gives them stability and the option to withstand the drought and diseases. This makes the aeration a specialized job. Hence treating it as a yard service is very important. The next important fact about aeration service is that it is mainly applied during the fall season. The reasons are simple, the season witnesses a drop in temperature, giving dew on the ground every morning. 

The dews help keep the seed moist, and we see the weeds begin to die off. It helps in making a perfect scenario to grow new seeds. Once you know the lawn is becoming thick enough, you do not need any herbicides to keep the lawn weed-free. The average cost is $75 to $250. In terms of area, it can range from $7 to $25 per 1,000 square feet. For small-sized lawns, the minimum cost range is $40 to $75, while for big yards, it is $130 to $250 per acre.

Aeration Tools

Generally, the aeration success depends upon several factors like the service quality, the surrounding conditions and the ideal time. If these factors remain aligned with the given job, they will likely produce good results. If things go as planned, you can start finding the result within 4 to 7 days, provided that you water your grass properly and keep on adding the nitrogen for the next 3 to 4 weeks in the entire summer. 

Opting for aeration as a yard service is always a worthy decision as it helps you gain good results on your turf. However, if you have all the tools and have the expertise to opt for it like any DIY project during any free weekend, you can try it. Yet, comparing the two, going for a professional service is always a good choice. Check for relevant articles on yard services. 

Is Aeration a Lawn Care Service?

We already know that Aeration is a very specialized job, which demands a good set of tools and skill sets. A homeowner may not be as competent as any professional service provider who has been in the field for years. You need many things to carry out this task for a better outcome. You need all the equipment like the types of actors and many more things. 

Thus considering these reasons, handling Aeration on your own can be an additional burden than you ever realize. Hence counting on any professional service provider is always a good idea. All your concerns regarding lawn aeration are easily handled by professionals. After all, you can find the aeration process falling under lawn care services. You can certainly explore it for more

Is Mulching necessary with Aeration?

It is always wrong for any lawn owner when mulching or mowing a lawn after aeration. It is a misconception among the lawn owners who often go for mulching of their yards once they have completed the aeration option. However, this is not usually recommended by experts. It is always a good idea to take some time to carry out the mulching acts. 

After aeration, you can find the plugs breaking down and adding nutrients to the soil. In order to reap the benefits of aeration, the lawn should be left to develop naturally. However, the roots will be acclimated if you mulch your lawn just after aeration. Hence it is always advisable to mulch or mow the grass after 6 to 8 weeks. Check for more on mulching. 

Does Edenapp Provide Aeration Services?

If you want to add an edge to your lawn, making it a gorgeous place to enjoy, opting to aerate your space is always a good idea. However, it is a specialized job, and you need professionals like Edenapp. The group provides aeration services that help in maintaining your yard. 

At Eden, you will get professional aeration services that can help in keeping the space excellent and green. You can contact them to allow them to visit your yard and gain a competitive solution. For details, you can see the Edenapp homepage.

From selecting the right seasonal plants to installing an outdoor kitchen, our landscaping services can do it all for you. Contact us today for a stunning landscape!

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