Garden Types

5 Garden Types

A garden, in its simplest form, is a planned green space that can be set up for various purposes like to add aesthetic value to the property, cultivation, recreation, etc. Gardens are created with both living and nonliving elements. The living elements include plants, trees, grass, and creepers, while nonliving elements include pergolas, water features, decks, and patios. The garden types that Edenapp has mentioned in this article are outdoor gardens, but you can also create indoor gardens by planting indoor plants in planters and containers to create a natural space inside the house.

Gardens are categorized into various types according to their purpose. Edenapp discusses five garden types in this article, and they are listed below.

  1. Woodland Gardens
  2. Rock Gardens
  3. Water gardens
  4. Herb and Vegetable gardens
  5. Specialty gardens

1. Woodland Gardens

Woodland gardens are the type of gardens that closely resemble the natural woodlands. Their purpose is to create a space that is a replica of natural wilderness with tall trees and shrubs. The paths in a woodland garden are unpaved and made of natural elements like grass or mulch instead of concrete or other pavement materials. Also these paths run in a curved or twisted manner instead of running straight. The salient points of a woodland garden are naturalness and informality. Though a woodland garden is created artificially, it looks natural. Regional plants and shrubs that thrive in the local conditions are planted near the paths in no particular pattern to add to the naturalness of the garden.

The advantages of planting a woodland garden on your property are given below.

  • They make good use of the shady spaces in the yard. Trees are part of the natural woodlands, and therefore they play a major part in a woodland garden.
  • The use of native plants and shrubs in a woodland garden makes this garden a low-maintenance one. Woodland gardens do not have additional fertilization and watering requirements like other artificial gardens.
  • The natural environment of a woodland garden provides a habitat for wildlife and creates a wildlife-friendly space on your property.
  • Woodland gardens are a good choice if you are looking for sustainable landscaping options.

Woodland Gardens

The disadvantages of planting a woodland garden on your property are given below.

  • Woodland gardens take longer than other garden types to show full results. Since we are creating a space that resembles a natural woodland, it will take a few years before you can enjoy a fully-mature woodland garden.
  • Since woodland gardens are shady, your plant selection is restricted to plants that can survive in the shade. Additionally, woodland gardens use only native plants, and this will also limit your options.

The cost of creating a basic woodland garden is lower than most other garden types as woodland gardens mainly use elements that are already present in the area, like trees, native shrubs and plants, which cost less than exotic plants. However, the cost of creating a woodland garden can go up based on your preferences. For example, if you want to plant more trees or expensive plants like the lily of the valley, hydrangeas or lisianthus, then the cost of creating the woodland garden will be higher. 

Once established, woodland gardens are low maintenance gardens as the native plants do not have additional maintenance requirements, and the natural lawn space will not require frequent mowing. However, if you have a lot of trees in your garden, the irrigation requirement might be high as trees consume a lot of water. Woodland gardens are also highly durable since they contain elements that are well-adapted to the local conditions.

2. Rock Gardens

A rock garden, also called rockery, is the type of garden where rocks, gravel and stone are a major part of the landscaping framework. This can be a part of another garden with different elements, or it can be a whole garden on its own. Some rock gardens are created around natural rock formations, and others are created artificially; most commercial and residential rock gardens are created artificially. The purpose of rock gardens is to resemble natural rock formations and create a peaceful outdoor space that has elements of multiple textures in it. A Japanese rock garden, popularly known as a Zen garden, is a special type of rock garden that is created with a few large rocks arranged so that they are half-buried in the ground; the rest of the landscape is covered with grass and plants.

The advantages of installing a rock garden on your property are given below.

  • Rock gardens can withstand harsh conditions as rocks are more durable than organic elements like plants and shrubs. Rocks can tolerate intense heat, extreme cold, high winds, and drought. This durability makes rock gardens a good choice for property owners living in regions that experience extreme weather.
  • Rock gardens have low maintenance requirements if the garden consists primarily of rocks and gravel, as this will reduce landscaping tasks like mowing, pruning, trimming, etc. 
  • Rock gardens add diversity and texture to a landscape.
  • Rock gardens can be combined with water features to make a landscape more dynamic and create a tranquil environment.
  • As the change of seasons does not affect rocks, rock gardens can be enjoyed all through the year.

The disadvantages of installing a rock garden on your property are given below.

  • If you have incorporated a lawn into your rock garden, or if the rock garden is part of a larger landscape, the gravel from the rockery can damage your lawnmower and cause injuries if you are not careful.
  • Rocks absorb heat very well. Therefore, incorporating many rocks and stones into your landscape will cause the temperature around your home or building to rise if you live in a region that experiences a lot of heat.

The cost to install a rock garden depends on various factors like the scale of the project, the type of rocks you want to install and the area that needs to be covered. The type of natural rock you want to incorporate in the rock garden will also determine the cost; bluestone will cost more than sandstone. Also, the larger the area, the more stones or rocks will be required, and the time of installation also increases. The average price range of installing landscape rockery can start from $180 and go up to $250 per ton for general landscaping projects (including the price of the landscaping rock and labor charges). For something more elaborate like a Zen garden, the cost will be higher as more elements will be added to the landscape.

Rock gardens are relatively low maintenance than traditional gardens as they involve fewer green elements like plants, trees, grass, and shrubs that need regular attention. Also, as mentioned above, rock gardens are durable and withstand harsh conditions and climate changes.

3. Water gardens

Water gardens, also called aquatic gardens, are a garden type where a water feature is a dominant or principal element. This type of garden can be a standalone or a part of a larger landscape. The purpose of a water garden is to incorporate aquatic plants into the landscape, and this can be extended to include aquatic animals if the homeowner prefers or desires it. Water gardening is associated with water gardens, and this involves growing or cultivating plants that are adapted to growing in or near ponds, lakes and rivers. Aquatic plants are sensitive to water depth, and therefore this factor needs to be considered when creating a water garden.

The advantages of installing a water garden on your property are given below.

  • Water gardens create a peaceful environment for relaxation.
  • The sound of moving water helps reduce outside noise, which is especially helpful if you live on a bustling street.
  • Moving water releases negatively charged ions into the atmosphere that purify the air, helping you experience the fresh air you feel after a storm on a daily basis.
  • Water adds more texture and dynamics to your landscape with its movement and liquidity.
  • Water features are aesthetically pleasing and increase your property’s curb appeal.
  • Water is known to have a soothing effect on the mind. Therefore, water gardens impact your health positively.

Water gardens

The disadvantages of installing a water garden on your property are given below.

  • Water gardens require more maintenance than traditional gardens as the water needs to be regularly cleaned to prevent the buildup of debris like leaves and dirt, and the water level needs to be monitored to ensure the aquatic plants have their desired depth. If you have a pump and filter, they also need to be checked and cleaned regularly. 
  • Aquatic animals need extra care. If you are planning to include aquatic animals in the water feature, then special care needs to be taken when you first introduce them into your mini-ecosystem to ensure that they don’t bring in any parasites that can harm the rest of the aquatic animals.
  • Water features have a tendency to attract wildlife like frogs and other critters. Some homeowners don’t mind this, while others do not desire this. If you belong to the second category, then this factor is something you need to consider before installing a water garden.
  • If a water feature is not maintained properly, it can also attract mosquitoes which can pose a health risk.

The cost of installing a water garden depends on various factors like the size of the water feature, location, soil type, type of water feature, and additional features. Typically the cost to construct a pond lies between $3 to $7.5 per square foot, and the total cost ranges from $3000 to $9000. For a larger project, like a lake, the cost of installation can go as high as 15,000, or even more if we take into consideration additional features like aquatic plants.

The maintenance requirement of water gardens is higher than traditional gardens, and it can be labor-intensive. Debris like leaves, grass clippings and dirt need to be regularly removed from the water feature to preserve its health and appearance. Dead aquatic plants should be removed immediately, leaks should be checked for regularly, and the right kind of fertilizer needs to be added for aquatic plants to keep them healthy.

Water gardens are not as durable as rock gardens and woodland gardens as they cannot withstand harsh conditions. Some aquatic plants cannot handle ice, and therefore if you live in a region that experiences harsh winters, Edenapp recommends winterizing your water garden to preserve aquatic life. Extreme heat can also negatively affect the plants as the water temperatures rise. Therefore, you should take your local climatic conditions into consideration before you install a water garden.

4. Herb and Vegetable gardens

Herbs and vegetable gardens, as their name suggests, are plots of land or container gardens where vegetables and herbs are grown; they are also known as kitchen gardens. The purpose of planting a herb and vegetable garden is to grow and enjoy your own fresh produce. This garden is kept separate from the rest of the landscape that includes ornamentals, lawns and trees and is grown to be used only by the homeowners and not for commercial purposes.

The advantages of growing a herb and vegetable garden on your property are given below.

  • It allows you to enjoy produce that has not been exposed to chemical pesticides.
  • It reduces your grocery expenses as you don’t need to spend money to buy these vegetables anymore.
  • It gives you fresh vegetables that are packed with aroma and flavor that commercially-grown, store-bought vegetables cannot compare to.
  • Growing your own vegetables and herbs help avoid the dangers of food contamination as the produce is going straight from your garden to the kitchen without any other contact in between.
  • You have readily available herbs that can turn a simple dinner into a special meal.
  • Gardening is good for your health, and it keeps you fit.
  • Tending a garden helps relieve the stress of the day or week.

The disadvantages of growing a herb and vegetable garden on your property are given below.

  • Gardening requires a lot of physical effort since it involves bending, crouching, lifting, and carrying. This level of physical activity is not suitable for everybody, and therefore you need to keep your health and fitness in mind before you undertake a gardening project.
  • Growing herbs and vegetables requires knowledge of soil conditions and nutrient requirements, among other things. If you want to grow your own herbs and vegetables, you need to be prepared to do a lot of research.
  • Pests and weeds can easily enter your kitchen garden. So, you need to ensure your garden is healthy to fight against these and be on the constant lookout for anything that can harm your produce.

The cost of planting a small (60 square feet) herb and vegetable garden is around $300. This figure takes into account the pickets for the fences, organic compost, seeds, plastic mesh, decking screws, and wooden planks required to create this space. Keep in mind that this is the most basic vegetable garden, and we are assuming that the soil does not need to be amended or prepared additionally. If you need to prepare the land, the cost will be higher. The cost of a vegetable and herb garden that can sustain you fully can go upto a $1000 or more, depending on the type and quantity of vegetables you are planting.

The maintenance requirement of vegetable and herb gardens is the same as traditional gardens. They require regular weeding, appropriate fertilizing, watering, and pruning. Additionally, some vegetable plants might require staking to provide extra support for climbers and tall plants. Another maintenance task that needs to be performed early in the season is the removal of extra seedlings once true leaves appear to ensure appropriate spacing for the remaining seedlings to grow. Herb and vegetable gardens are not very durable and cannot withstand harsh conditions like strong winds, intense heat, and extreme cold.

5. Specialty gardens

Specialty gardens are the type of gardens that are created or planted for a specific purpose, and they are categorized into different types according to their purpose. For example, healing gardens are created to encourage healing of the mind and body, butterfly gardens are created to attract butterflies to the landscape, and scented gardens are created with the main purpose of including plants and flowers that release a pleasant fragrance. The rock gardens and herb and vegetable gardens mentioned above can also be categorized under specialty gardens.

The advantages of creating specialty gardens on your property are given below.

  • Specialty gardens are extremely successful in fulfilling the purpose for which they are created, and thus planting one will never be a waste of space, time or resources as they will be very useful for the homeowners.
  • Specialty gardens add a unique touch to a landscape that will not be possible with traditional gardens.

Other advantages of a specialty garden depend on the type of specialty garden it is. For example, a hummingbird garden will be able to attract hummingbirds to your landscape, a therapy garden will help heal someone physically and mentally, and a memorial garden or a legacy garden will help you leave traces of yourself in a landscape that will remain beyond your lifespan.

Flower gardens

The general disadvantage of a specialty garden is that it is created to achieve one specific purpose, and therefore some specialty gardens might not be suitable for all homeowners. The specific disadvantages of specialty gardens depend on the type of garden. 

The cost, maintenance and durability of specialty gardens depend on the type of garden. For example, a rock garden is more durable than a scented garden as scented gardens utilize more plants than rock gardens. Similarly, the maintenance requirements of the gardens are different as the elements present in the gardens vary, and the cost of installation will differ as the equipment and materials required to create and construct the different types of specialty gardens are different.

What is a garden?

The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines a garden as a “plot of ground where herbs, fruits, flowers, or vegetables are cultivated;” the Britannica encyclopedia adds ‘trees’ to this definition. Gardens are planned spaces that have been set aside for this type of special cultivation, and these spaces can be used for recreational or specialty purposes. The history of a garden can be traced back to 1400 BC in Egypt, as the earliest surviving garden plan informs us. After this, many different garden types can be found throughout the different eras, from ancient Mesopotamian gardens to modern French gardens and English gardens in the 17th and 18th centuries, respectively.

A garden contains some permanent elements like a lawn, groundcover, shrubs, vines, and trees and transitory elements such as herbaceous plants and annuals. Lawns are green expanses, usually created with a type of turfgrass that connects the different sections in a landscape. Ground cover refers to perennial plants that are used as substitutes for grass in the areas where grass does not survive. Shrubs are small woody plants that form a major part of most gardens as they do not require as much care as herbaceous plants. Vines or climbers are used to add a green touch to fences and buildings. 

When talking about permanent features, we cannot miss out on trees. The height range of trees and the wide color palette of their leaves makes them a wonderful addition to any garden. Herbaceous plants and annuals are not hardy like most perennial plants and require extra care to thrive during their growing and flowering seasons.

Which garden type is the most commonly desired?

One of the most commonly desired gardens is the flower garden. Flower gardens are defined as plots of land where flowering plants are cultivated, grown and displayed for visual and aromatic purposes. In a flower garden, herbaceous plants (primarily annuals) are planted in well-cultivated flower beds that are rich in fertilizer and organic matter.

The design of flower beds needs to be planned carefully as annuals only bloom for one season. If you want a flower garden that is consistently blooming and bursting with color and fragrance, you need to plan the sequence of planting annuals accordingly. In modern flower gardens, annuals are combined with biennials and perennials to ensure the garden does not die fully after one season.

The cost of installing a flower garden depends on the size of the garden, the types of flowers you want to install and if you want to install any additional features like trellis and fences. Depending on these factors, the installation cost for a flower garden ranges from $1000 for a small garden with low-cost flowers to over $3000 for a flower garden with larger flower beds. If the flower bed needs to be dug, cultivated and prepared before planting, then the cost will also be higher. Also, if you choose to install expensive flowers in the flower garden and any additional features, the cost will go up.

Which garden type is for someone who is into cooking with fresh ingredients?

A herb and vegetable garden will be the best option to install for someone who likes cooking with fresh ingredients. With a vegetable and herb garden in your backyard, you will always have fresh produce to cook a delicious meal with flavor and aroma that are not possible with store-bought vegetables. This will reduce your grocery expenses and help you enjoy produce that is not contaminated and has not been exposed to any chemical pesticides.

Herbs are planted in well-cultivated soils that have good exposure, and they need to be given appropriate amounts of water and adequate sun exposure to ensure healthy growth. Some examples of herbs are basil, rosemary, thyme, cilantro, parsley and chives. Herbs can be used for cooking as well as medicinal purposes.

Vegetable gardens are planted in a more planned way than herb gardens. First, the site is selected, and the soil is prepared for planting. Then you need to decide which type of vegetables and how much of them you will be planting. Once this is determined, you plant the seeds in neat rows and then care for them according to their requirements. To know the requirements of the vegetables you are planning to grow, you need to do some research. Proper care and cultivation will give you healthy produce that you can harvest to enjoy yourself or share with your loved ones.

As mentioned above, the installation cost of a herb and vegetable garden ranges from $300 for a simple herb garden to above $1000 for a vegetable garden that can sustain you.

What factors should be considered when choosing the type of garden to make?

The factors to consider when choosing the right type of garden for you are given below.

  • The climate in your region: The climate in your region will determine if a particular plant will thrive or die. Before you choose a plant, do some research on which plants will best adapt to your climatic conditions. You can also consult your local county extension office for this information.
  • Maintenance requirement: Some garden types, like woodland gardens, have low maintenance requirements, while others, like water gardens, have high maintenance requirements. Before you install a garden type, you need to determine if you can handle its maintenance tasks.
  • Size of the plant: Young plants are mostly the same size, but when plants mature, their sizes vary. You need to know the height of plants at full maturity so that you can correctly layer your garden.
  • Shade and sun: If your garden receives a lot of shade, then you should consider installing a woodland garden or another garden type that will thrive in shady conditions, and if your plot receives a lot of sunlight, you can plant a herb garden in that area.
  • Flowering time: If you want to plant a flower garden, it is important to know the flowering time of all the plants you want in your garden to ensure that your garden is in bloom throughout the year.

For detailed information on the garden style ideas that will best suit your preferences and land, you can read Edenapp’s article – Garden Styles Ideas

How to maintain a healthy garden:

When a garden is cared for properly, it increases the life of the plants present in the garden. It is important to provide the right amount of water and fertilizer to all the plants according to their specific needs to ensure a garden grows healthily. You should also ensure that the plants are not planted too close to each other, or the flower beds are not overcrowded so that every plant has the space and the required amount of nutrients for healthy growth. Some herbaceous and vegetable plants might need to be staked to provide extra support and to make sure the stems don’t bend due to the weight of the plant. Dead and dying parts of the plants should be pruned immediately to prevent nutrient and water wastage.

Maintaining a garden is not an easy task and is labor-intensive and time-consuming. If you want to enjoy the comfort of a garden but don’t have the time or the energy to maintain it, you can contact Edenapp. Our professional landscapers provide every kind of landscaping service to ensure your garden thrives and remains healthy for a long time.

Enjoy a beautifully manicured lawn with our timely yard work services that care for your yard according to the season. Call us today!

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